This course presents methods for examining patients with mental retardation, developmental delay, and/or other special needs. It is designed to familiarize the clinician with characteristics of this population and to describe specific vision tests most likely to yield useful information.
It is important to recognize that examinations with special needs patients often differ significantly from standard examinations. However, any complete vision examination should assess at least the patient's acuity, refractive error, accommodation, binocularity, fields, eye movement abilities, and ocular health.
Typical (and less common) tests that can be used to assess each aspect of visual function will be discussed followed by a review of how to perform the tests. Suggestions will also be presented to provide insights regarding the examination of special-needs patients.
Hannu Laukkanen, OD, MEd, FAAO; Jennifer Valente-Caywood, OD; Jeremy Nett, OD
Company: Pacific University
CE Credits: 3
CE Format: Online text/photos
COPE ID: 14041-GO