Purpose: The aim of this article is to familiarize the practicing optometrist with common diseases of the paranasal sinuses, and with the ways these diseases affect the orbit. Methods: This review article covers the basic anatomy and physiology of the sinuses, followed by a discussion of disease states Ñ acute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis, nasal polyposis, mucoceles, and benign and malignant neoplasms. Results: Recommended management of the above-mentioned disease states, including endoscopic sinus surgery and associated complications, are presented. Conclusion: Diseases affecting the paranasal sinuses are common and affect a large proportion of the population. Due to the close proximity of the sinuses to the orbit(s), inflammatory or neoplastic disease frequently pre-sents with orbital symptoms and/or signs. It is therefore important for optometrists to be familiar with these diseases.
Vinita Bindlish, MD, FRCSC, Ian J. Witterick, MD
Company: Mediconcepts, Inc
CE Credits: 1
CE Format: PDF
COPE ID: 12061-GO